In a significant legal victory for Tether and Bitfinex, Chief Judge Laura Taylor Swain of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York dismissed a class action lawsuit brought against the stablecoin issuer. The lawsuit, filed by Matthew Anderson and Shawn Dolifka in 2021, alleged that Tether’s claims of its stablecoin, USDT, being backed one-to-one by the U.S. dollar were false. However, the U.S District court has ruled in favor of the USDT issuer, citing a lack of “plausible allegations of injury” in the complaint.

The Allegations and the Court’s Ruling

The heart of Anderson’s and Dolifka’s complaint rested on their assertion that Tether did not maintain the same amount of reserves as USDT tokens in circulation. The class-action lawsuit further alleged that these reserves were not solely comprised of U.S. dollars, as Tether had implied, but rather included a mix of overcollateralized loans and undisclosed commercial paper. The plaintiffs contended that these actions misrepresented the actual value of the stablecoin.

Tether filed in response that the plaintiffs failed to provide any concrete evidence of any diminished value of USDT. The U.S District court agreed with Tether, highlighting that the complaint lacked factual support for the alleged injury. The court determined that the plaintiffs did not present plausible allegations of injury, ultimately leading to the dismissal of the class action lawsuit.

Tether’s Response and Market Dynamics

Paolo Ardoino, Tether’s CTO, expressed his support for the court’s decision on Twitter, underlining that the plaintiffs couldn’t substantiate their allegations of value diminishment. Ardoino also raised some suspicions about recent stablecoin market movements with cryptic statements, hinting at potential market manipulation aimed at depegging USDT. He also mentioned a newly launched stablecoin competitor, First Digital’s FDUSD, in connection with the market activity.

Despite repeated allegations of lacking decentralization and governance, Tether maintains its dominant position in the stablecoin market. At the time of writing, USDT’s circulation has reached an all-time high of $83.9 billion, capturing a commanding market share of 66.7%. In contrast, UDST’s competitor Circle’s USDC holds a supply of $26 billion, representing a 20.7% market share, but its supply has faced a 41.5% decline since the start of 2023.

Regulatory Actions and Future Outlook

In October 2021, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) fined Bitfinex and Tether over $42 million on allegations the USDT stablecoin was not fully backed at all times. The financial regulatory body found that Tether’s stablecoin was fully backed by reserves for only one-quarter of the time over a 26-month period between 2016 and 2018. Tether also settled charges for commingling reserve funds with the company’s corporate funds that it held reserves in non-cash products.

The US government is also working on stablecoin regulations as lawmakers recently proposed a newly drafted bill that is expected to sail through the parliament. The bill aims to address concerns around stablecoins’ stability, investor protections, and potential risks to the financial system. These regulatory actions and proposals indicate a growing awareness and scrutiny of stablecoins in the financial industry.

The dismissal of the class action lawsuit against Tether and Bitfinex by the U.S. District Court has provided legal validation to the stablecoin issuer. The court’s ruling emphasized the lack of plausible allegations of injury in the complaint, reinforcing Tether’s claims of maintaining proper reserves for its USDT stablecoin. Despite regulatory scrutiny and allegations, Tether remains the dominant player in the stablecoin market, with a significant market share and circulation. However, ongoing regulatory actions and proposals signal potential changes and increased oversight in the future. As the stablecoin industry continues to evolve, the stability and transparency of these digital assets will be essential in maintaining trust among investors and regulators alike.


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